Individual housing

Calves housed individually can be easier to monitor than pair or group-housed calves, but individual housing does not reduce the risk of disease transmission among calves.

Calves are a social animal, so pair or group housing allows them to express normal social behaivour and fulfill their need for social contact.

Current research recommends housing calves in small, well-managed groups from arrival onto the farm. Pair housing allows for close monitoring of calves while providing social stimulation.